In Iran, Islamic violence against women manifests under different names and faces: the hijab, honor, state security, disrespect for religion – the list is long. Institutionalized by the Islamic regime, this violence is now systematic and endangers the lives of all women.
In February 1979, even prior to the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Khomeini already considered women’s freedom as the main obstacle to his political project. The first measures in this regard made the hijab compulsory in the workplace and required the wearing of a headscarf in public places. Overnight, women lost all the rights granted to them by 1967’s Family Protection Law, including custody of the children in case of divorce and even the right to travel without their husband’s consent. Men, on the other hand, would be allowed to marry up to four women at a time. Soon, the walls of the city were repainted with new slogans advocating ”the hijab as a bastion of the Islamic Republic.”
The first use of the slogan ”Woman, Life, Freedom” goes back to series of protests following the Death of Mahsa Amini in September 2022. The slogan was first chanted in Amini’s funeral in Saqqez and then was heard in the initial protests in Sanandaj after the funeral.
The NFT is a real picture of high school girls, removing their Hijab to join the anti-hijab protests in Iran.
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